Welcome to Year 5SJ!
In this first autumn term we have covered three writing genres: argument, diary and newspaper articles. It proved a challenge to write a balanced argument debating: ‘Is it right for the King to kill people who disagree with him?’ but the children persevered. We have based our writing in English around two key texts: My Friend Walter by Michael Morpurgo, and The Thief, the Fool and the Big Fat King by Terry Deary, which also links with our Creative Curriculum topic (The Terrible Tudors). We have regularly been practicing SPaG (Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar) to ensure that our written work is to the very best of our ability. This term we have been looking at: the different ways commas can be used; how to write compound and complex sentences; adding relative clauses to sentences, in order to be more descriptive; understanding the importance of adverbials to improve the fluency of our writing and how brackets, dashes and commas can be used to form parenthesis.
Children have been working very hard in maths this half term. Alongside daily lessons, they’ve had additional mental arithmetic and mental maths, weekly. We began with a real emphasis on understanding place value, especially when it comes to multiplying/ dividing by 10, 100 or 1000. More recently we have covered more advanced topics such as ratio and proportion. We have looked at mental strategies for all four operations (subtraction, addition, division and multiplication). Pleasingly, some of us are now beginning to use different methods in order to check our answers. We have focused on negative, prime and square numbers and have realised how important times tables are in all areas of Maths!
Children have taken a real interest in Creative Curriculum lessons, learning all about The Terrible Tudors. We have investigated the events that led up to the Battle of Bosworth, whereby Henry Tudor (Henry VII) came to be on the throne. Also, we have interpreted various historical sources of evidence and can now explain why there are sometimes different versions of events from the past. We’ve looked at the reliability of sources by comparing images of Henry along with a written account - the two were very different!
This term we have looked at Animals, including humans. We have looked carefully at lifecycles as well as pattern-seeking, which involved looking at relationships between the gestation periods of animals compared with their mass. We had great fun measuring the heights of children in different year groups to gather our own data. This data was used to represent how graphs can be effective to present findings and answer key investigative questions.
This term children have had the opportunity to be very creative when writing their own voyage and return journey, whereby a fictional character escapes reality to a make belief world. After a period of time enjoying this new world, children had to write about problem and how the character made it back to their familiar place. These big writes were inspired by Where the Wild things are, written by Maurice Sendak. Also, children have examined the role of detectives and have written their own detective story about a crime scene at Danson Primary. Children have continued to work hard in grammar so that they can apply new writing techniques to their big writes. We’ve covered the use of apostrophes in contractions as well as to show possession; learnt about the use of modal verbs as well as revised the role of commas in the English language.
Year 5 have looked in depth at how to accurately draw and measure angles, using a protractor. Children enjoyed translating shapes and identifying co-ordinates on a grid. The children have worked with decimals up to three decimal places, deepening their understanding of place value. There has been an intense focus on fractions – an area a lot of the children across the year group find challenging. We’ve learnt how to add and subtract fractions, having to find equivalent fractions to ensure both fractions in a subtraction or addition number sentence have the same denominator. We’ve also worked on recognising fractions and the equivalent percentages and decimals. For example ½ = 0.5 = 50%. We now know how to find fractions of amounts and are beginning to use our understanding of percentages and fractions to work out percentages of a whole number. For example 25% of 100 is the same as working out ¼ of 100, the answer being 25.
Children have continued learning about The Terrible Tudors. In this half term, children have compared Tudor life to life as they know it in 2015. They’ve learnt how Tudor towns had poor hygiene and how people used a mixture of honey, sugar, crushed bones, fruit peel and soot as toothpaste! Children have examined the inventories left from deceased Tudors and they were able to discuss the difference between wealthy and poor Tudors by the possessions they left behind to family members in their inventories. More recently children have learnt about famous explorers who sailed to America, including Christopher Columbus and John Cabot.
This term we’ve looked at properties of materials. Children have enjoyed many practical investigations, including an investigation looking at which materials would conduct electricity in an electrical circuit. Children were able to conclude that metal is a reliable conductor of electricity. Also, they’ve investigated the time taken for different sugar types to dissolve in warm water and how different types of cup affect the time taken for a hot drink to cool down, using our observation skills to read thermometers at consistent time intervals.
This half term children have based their writing around the text Tuesday by David Wiesner. It is a picture book with wonderful illustrations that tell the story of exploring frogs. The frogs begin their journey at wetlands, before flying to the nearest town. The mischievous frogs later return back to the wetland, leaving behind a trail of clues which leave local residents bewildered. The children used this text as a stimulus to write a formal police report, outlining the events which had occurred. Within this they summarised eye-witnesses’ accounts using reported speech and stated conclusions about what happened on the night of Tuesday (when the frogs came to town!) The second big write of the half term involved making up their own stories (with a similar plot to that in David Wiesner’s book). Everybody worked really hard planning their narrative and the class enjoyed working with each other to up-level initial ideas on their plans. There were some very imaginative stories, written to a high quality, incorporating the work we’ve covered in recent GAPS lessons.
A lot of time has been spent recapping and broadening the children’s understanding of fractions. Lessons have included ordering fractions, converting between mixed number and improper fractions, adding/subtracting fractions and finding fractions of whole numbers. Children have learnt the definition of mathematical vocabulary such as: a multiple - a number in the times table of a number; a common multiple – a number which appears in the times table of two or more numbers; factors - numbers which divide into another number, leaving no remainder; square number – a whole number multiplied by itself; a cube number – a number which is multiplied by itself three times. Children were given the task of designing and creating a board game that incorporated some of the mathematical vocabulary mentioned above during a creative, fun-filled maths challenge Friday! They’ve continued to practise answering multi-step worded problems by carefully reading and breaking down each question into steps to find an accurate answer.
Children have begun work on a new topic: It’s a Distaster! Children have discovered why we experience wind and rain. They’ve learnt the importance of the water cycle and the consequences of when the weather is too hot and there’s little rain fall. Children had great fun designing a weather map and stepping into the shoes of famous weather presenters in class. Also, children have looked at whether fire is a friend or foe, by analysing how it can be helpful to mankind, yet very dangerous. After being inspired by reading Lily Usher’s poem ‘There Came a Wave’ about a lethal tsunami, children were inspired to create a picture which captured the emotive feelings of the poem using oil pastels.
This half term children have been learning about forces. Within this unit, children have been investigating the effects of friction, and why it is of great importance in our lives, as well as the impact air resistance has between moving surfaces.
This half term we’ve undertaken a unit called ‘We are artists’. Children have been using Inkscape to tessellate basic, as well as more complex shapes, to produce patterns based on Islamic art and the work of Bridget Riley.
In this short five-week half term, the children have examined the features of non-chronological reports. They were then given the task of writing about a fictional creature that was the only survivor of a natural disaster on Earth. Children used their imaginations to describe this creature, considering its appearance, diet, habitat and any special features it may possess.We’ve continued having regular GaPS lessons to expand the children’s knowledge of the English language. Children have learnt what prepositions are and have been locating them within sentences. They’ve also learnt how nouns and adjectives can be changed into verbs by adding the suffixes -ate, -ise, -en and -ify.Moreover, by adding the suffixes -ful, -est, -ing, -less and -er to a noun, we can make adjectives. Examples of this include: terror – terrorise and joy – joyful.
In this half term the children have spent a considerable number of lessons mastering angles. This learning has encompassed understanding the different types of angle, to drawing, measuring and identifying missing angles based on known facts. Children should now be confident recognising:
- Angles on a straight line add up to 180o
- Angles around a point/ in a full turn add up to 360o
- Angles in a triangle add up to 180o
- Angles in a quadrilateral add up to 360o
- Opposite angleson intersecting lines are equal.
Children have continued It’s a Disaster from spring term one. They’ve learnt why earthquakes and volcanoes occur. They’ve produced an information guide informing people how to try and remain safe in the event of an earthquake as well as located famous volcanoes and earthquakes by plotting co-ordinates on a map.
This half term children have continued learning about forces. We’ve looked at the impact water resistance has on moving objects. Children were given a brief of designing and creating a mini submarine that would move effectively through water for a toy company. We were able to conclude that the most streamlined models travelled quickest through water. The word streamlined means that an object will allow very little resistance to a flow of air or water, increasing its speed and ease of movement. In our investigation we found that objects with a larger surface area were less streamlined than pointier objects which could cut through the water with ease.