Geography is a key part of the National Curriculum at Danson. A lot of time is put in to make sure that the subject is fun and engaging throughout the school. Each year group teaches the subject via our Creative Curriculum time.
The subject is organised into key skills that are taught throughout the year. These skills are implemented into the planning of each year group to show progression throughout the school.
The five key areas are:
Places: This focuses on children’s understanding of where places are on the world in relation to them and each other. Children will use resources such as atlas’ and Ordinance Survey maps to contrast the key features of the local area as well as the world around them. Students will learn about their local area and the world around them, discussing the differences between continents, countries and regions and why these human and physical differences exist.
Patterns: Children will look at patterns across the human and physical areas of geography through case studies given to them. From changing seasons to changing physical processes such as erosion and weathering, children will understand why these changes take place and what impact they have on our lives. This will then be woven into other aspects of their geographical learning including places and environment.
Geographical Skills: Children are expected to ask and answer questions about the world that they live in, whilst also looking at data in various contexts and explaining what this means to them and the area around them. This also includes understanding key geographical terms and vocabulary which will help their understanding of the subject.
Knowledge and Understanding of Environmental Change and Sustainable Development: Focusing on human activity, children will learn about how their local area is changing as well as the world around them, thinking about what we could change to make the world a better place.
Geographical Enquiry: This is the use of evidence from a variety of sources to build up an understanding of various geographical issues. The children will make deductions using both primary and secondary historical sources as well as using opportunities for fieldwork.
In Key Stage 1 we cover:
· Children’s understanding of the local area through ‘Home Sweet Home’
· Map reading skills using the local area with a Pirate theme.
· Hot and cold places by looking at Antarctica and Rainforests.
In Key Stage 2 we cover:
· The makeup of our local area.
· A wider understanding of the continent around us – Europe and other European countries.
· An understanding of river systems and mountains, looking at the physical processes that take place.
· A closer look at a South American region – Brazil and how the human and physical characteristics differ to those of the UK.
· Natural disasters and why they occur, focusing on the North American state of California.
· An understanding of Australia and how the human and physical characteristics differ to those of the UK.
· A look at Islands, identifying a variety of archipelagos around the world, with a link to map reading and compass directions.
· A study of South Africa and the changing climate of the African continent.